Knowing the right steps in feeding dairy cows is a must when in a
dairy cow business. Proper nutrition will keep your cows healthy and
ready to produce quality milk.
Before discussing the tips, it is important to first discuss the
benefits of taking care of dairy cows. Milk is a highly prized commodity
in the market. Milk is rich in vitamins and minerals like Calcium. Milk
is especially needed in proper teeth and bone formation and maintenance.
There are also a lot of products derived from cow milk. Butter, cheese,
cream, yogurt and whey protein are some examples of dairy products made
from cow milk.
There are six things a cow needs in its food. They are water, energy,
fiber, protein, minerals and vitamins. These six things are needed to be
provided in the food and other supplements of the cow.
The first tip on feeding dairy cows is to keep their drinking water
clean. Unlike other animals that can drink from dirty and murky water
without getting sick, cows cannot do that. It is important to clean
their water feeders from time to time. Like humans, the cow’s bod is
mainly composed of water. Water comprises about 70-75 per cent of the
cow’s body. While on the other hand, milk is composed of around 87 per
cent water. Aside from that, water is important in body temperature
regulation. It is also needed in the nutrient transfer, metabolism,
waste removal and most importantly, in digestion.
The second tip on feeding dairy cows is to give foods rich in energy.
There are several types of energy. These are the carbohydrates, fats and
oils. Pasture feeds contain 11 megajoules of energy. While silage, on
the other hand, contains 10 megajoules of energy. On the other hand, hay
contains 8.5 megajoules of energy. Lastly, wheat contains 13 megajoules
of energy. Energy is needed in carrying out daily tasks of the cow.
Simple tasks like eating, producing milk and digestion need energy to be
The third tip on feeding dairy cows is to give foods rich in protein. On
the other hand, protein is important because it builds up and repairs
the cow’s bodily organs. It is crucial in the building and repairing of
hormones, tissues and hormones. Protein is also very important in
growth, pregnancy and milk production.
The fourth tip on feeding dairy cows is to provide foods rich in
vitamins and minerals. Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed to
carry out day-to-day activities. All animals need around fifteen
vitamins. Vitamins A, D, E, and K can be found in forage. While on the
other hand, minerals are inorganic compounds that help in enzyme
production, tissue formation, milk production, energy transfer,
metabolism, protein production and blood coagulation.
The fifth tip on feeding dairy cows is to provide foods rich in fiber.
It is important in maintaining the digestive system of the cow. Fiber
digestion is needed in milk production. Fiber can be found in forage,
grass, hay, kale and silage.
Take note of the aforementioned tips and start feeding dairy cows the
right way now.
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